Current issue: Volume 20, No. 2 (2020)
Distribution of carabid beetles in agroecosystems across spatial scales - A review
Gongalsky K.B., Cividanes F.J 2008. Distribution of carabid beetles in agroecosystems across spatial scales - A review. Baltic J. Coleopterol 8 (1): 15-30.
The review focusses on the questions (1) how does the spatial heterogeneity of landscape influences carabid biodiversity, and (2) what are the main factors causing this biodivetrsity across nested spatial scales (study point - plant association - landscape level). The analysis of recent literature indicates that the spatial distribution of carabids differs at various spatial scales, and the factors responsible of the distribution are different. At the study point level most of the communities exhibit high variability of population density and diversity, that has no correlations with soil, and sometimes, vegetation, parameters. Most of the factors that contribute to formation of the communities are stochastic, simply because patches of a factor are much smaller than the size of a distinct carabid community. At the level of plant association, soil factors begin to play the role in driving the communities. At this level, litter depth, micro-climate and vegetation composition are the main factors. At the landscape level, geological factors, such as relief, landscape geochemistry, and history are playing important role. As a conservation measure, spatial heterogeneity should be kept at all spatial scales at the same time to maintain carabid biodiversity in agricultural areas.
KeyWords : Carabidae, Spatial distribution, Habitat fragmentation, Species loss, Geostatistics, Biodiversity; Agroecosystems
Volume 20, No. 2 (2020)
Volume 20, No. 1 (2020)